Dilated cardiomyopathy is a heart disease, usually starts in the main pumping chamber (left ventricle) of your heart muscle. The ventricle can’t pump blood just like a healthy heart along with stretching and thinning (dilating). The general term of “cardiomyopathy” has reference to the heart muscle abnormality.
Dilated cardiomyopathy can be life-threatening for some people, but might not cause symptoms to all. Common causes of heart failure are as follows:
- Inability of the heart to supply enough blood to the body
- Irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias), blood clots or sudden death as a result of dilated cardiomyopathy
Treating dialated cardiomyopathy is must for the people who are suffering from this dreadful disease or it can lead to death. The process of treatment may require multiple visits to various specialist that can extend to several months. After the treatment, follow-up visits are also required. There are many medical facilities across the US who offer treatment of Dilated cardiomyopathy, but you have to travel to these facilities for your treatment.
Click here to plan your travel for Dilated cardiomyopathy treatment. If you cannot afford travel for medical treatment there are charitable organizations that can help arrange no-cost transportation for you.
If you already know where you will be going for a Dilated cardiomyopathy treatment, or a consult or second opinion, click here to plan your travel. Otherwise, click here to get information about facilities that specialize in Dilated cardiomyopathy treatment.
For more information: (links to the sections below)
- About Dilated Cardiomyopathy
- Where to go for Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
- How Dilated Cardiomyopathy Treatment/Procedure is Done?
- Risks Associated
- Who can go for Dilated Cardiomyopathy Treatment?
About Dilated Cardiomyopathy
The most common nonischemic cardiomyopathy type is the Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). There is a decreased ability of the heart to pump blood in dilated cardiomyopathy. This is due to the fact that the main pumping chamber of the heart, known as the left ventricle, is weak, dilated and enlarged.
Initially, the response of the chambers of the heart begins with the stretch of holding more blood to be pumped throughout the body. The heart’s contraction is strengthened this way and the blood keeps moving for a short while.
With the time span, the muscle walls of the heart become weaker and so the blood is not as strongly pumped. The kidneys retain fluid (water) and sodium and often respond as such. If the body becomes congested with the fluid building up in the legs, ankles, feet, lungs or other organs, the condition so formed is termed as congestive heart failure.
Where to go for Dilated Cardiomyopathy?
Numerous places are there in the US where travelling is probable for Dilated cardiomyopathy operation. In these centers, with both patients and their loved ones, competent experts work closely. From the initial assessments to completion and follow up care, these professionals make the patient and their loved ones walk.
A personal and family medical history will be taken by your doctor. Then a physical exam will be conducted by him or her with the use of a stethoscope for order tests as well as listening to your heart and lungs. You may be referred to a heart specialist (cardiologist) by your doctor for testing purpose. The following tests might be included by your doctor:
- Blood Tests: Information about your heart is given by these tests to your doctor. There may be a disclosure of an infection, a metabolic disorder, or toxins in your blood causing dilated cardiomyopathy.
- Chest X-ray: A chest X-ray may be ordered by your doctor for eyeing on your heart and lungs, changes or abnormalities in the structure and size of your heart, as well as for checking fluid in or around your lungs.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG): Electrical signals traveling throughout your heart are recorded by means of an electrocardiogram — also called an ECG or EKG. Problems with the left ventricle or abnormal heart rhythm are the blueprints that your doctor can look for. In order to record your heart rhythm for a day or two, you may be asked to wear a portable ECG device (Holter monitor) by your doctor.
- Echocardiogram: Sound waves are used by this primary tool to produce heart images for diagnosing dilated cardiomyopathy, for the doctor to ascertain the enlargement of your left ventricle. Revelation is also done with this test as regards the quantity of blood ejected from the heart with each beat along with ascertainment of blood flowing in the right direction.
- CT or MRI Scans:In some situations, one of these tests might be ordered by your doctor for eyeing on the size and function of the pumping chambers of your heart.
- Cardiac Catheterization: This procedure is invasive quite a lot in which threading of a long, narrow tube takes place through a blood vessel in your arm, groin or neck into your heart. In order to check for damage indicating dilated cardiomyopathy, this test enables your doctor to see your coronary arteries on X-ray, measure pressure in your heart and collection of a sample of muscle tissue.
How Dilated Cardiomyopathy Treatment/Procedure is Done?
Treatment might be recommended by your doctor if you have dilated cardiomyopathy, if known, for the underlying cause. There may also be treatment suggestion for the purpose of improving blood flow and further prevention of your heart damage.
Medications: Doctors usually go for a combination of medications to treat dilated cardiomyopathy. Two or more of these drugs might be needed depending on your symptoms. Useful Drugs in the heart failure and dilated cardiomyopathy treatment include the following:-
- Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors:ACE inhibitors are a type of drug that may improve heart function along with widening or dilating blood vessels (vasodilator) to lower blood pressure, improving blood flow and diminishing the workload of the heart.
- Beta blockers:Heart rate is slowed, blood pressure is diminished, along with the elimination of some of the harmful effects of stress hormones that are produced by your body towards worsening your heart failure and triggering abnormal rhythms of the heart; with the help of a beta blocker.
Signs and symptoms of heart failure are diminished as well as the heart function is improved by Beta blockers. Low blood pressure and dizziness are the included side effects.
- Diuretics:These remove excess fluid and salt from your body and are often known as water pills. For your easier breath, fluid in your lungs is decreased by these drugs.
- Digoxin:This drug strengthens the contractions of your heart muscle, and is even known as digitalis. The heartbeat is slowed down. Heart failure symptoms are reduced as well as activity ability is enhanced.
Hazards Arising From Dilated Cardiomyopathy are as Follows:-
- Heart Stoppage: Heart failure can be the cause of poor blood flow from the left ventricle. No adequate blood supply to the body for proper functioning.
- Heart Valve Regurgitation: Heart valves may hardly close due to left ventricle enlargement, blood may flow backwards and the heart may pump less effectively.
- Fluid Buildup (Edema): Building up of fluid in the lungs, abdomen, legs and feet (edema).
- Abnormal Heart Rhythms (Arrhythmias): All subject to structural change in your heart as well as pressure changes on the chambers of your heart.
- Sudden Cardiac Arrest: Sudden heart stoppage due to Dilated cardiomyopathy.
- Blood Cots (Emboli): Caused due to pooling of blood (stasis) in the left ventricle. These blood clots enter the bloodstream, cause stroke by cutting off the blood supply, resulting in heart attack or damage to other organs. Also caused by Arrhythmias.
Who can go for Dilated Cardiomyopathy Treatment?
The condition is most common in men aged 20 to 50 and affects people of all ages, including infants and children.
DCM has many causes. Individuals with DCM of around 20 to 50 percent have a domestic form. An underlying genetic cause in these individuals is a consequence of a condition running in a family and affects just the heart.
- Probably DCM affected parents, siblings, and even aunts/uncles or cousins of an individual with may too have a heart muscle condition.
- Myocarditis is the most common acquired cause of DCM in children.
- Consequentially, adults can have DCM as well.